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Tagalog speaking regions of Philippines
Predominantly Tagalog speaking areas

Tagalog is a language of the Philippines with 28 million native speakers, a little more than a quarter of the population of the country. The standardized national language of the Philippines is officially called Filipino, but is almost entirely based on Tagalog and they are widely recognized as being the same language. It is one of two official languages, the other being English.

Tagalog is the predominantly native language in Metro Manila and some surrounding regions. Filipinos in all other regions learn Tagalog as a second language, and it is used as the lingua franca of the Philippines. It is also used as a lingua franca amongst overseas Filipino communities, since they are generally comprised of people from various linguistic groups in Philippines.

Along with most other languages in Philippines, Tagalog is a member of the Austronesian language family and shares features in common with Malay and Javanese. These languages are not mutually intelligible.

Tagalog vocabulary has been greatly influenced by Spanish and Malay, and in more recent times by English. The currency tendency to codeswitch between Tagalog and English is labelled Taglish by many Filipinos.